In today’s faced paced life, extreme work pressure and mounting tensions, a heart attack has become a common ailment among men and women. But men are more prone to getting this ailment than women. Some people are said to have this as hereditary problems. A heart attack can be real life-threatening and one should not wait for such an unfortunate event to take place to start thinking about promoting cardiac health. If the person is aware of the risks faced with heart problems, then treatment with the Best Cardiac Surgeons in Bangalore should be started much in advance prior to suffering any actual cardiac event. Several treatment options are available to enjoy good health.
Some cardiac treatment options to consider for addressing heart health
- Non-invasive procedures: In case, the heart issues is not getting proper treatment with lifestyle changes, then non-invasive treatment options can be availed, not involving surgical methods. For instance, cardiac catheterization requires insertion of thread into the heart arteries and valves to view the interiors. If any problem is identified, like blockages, then the vessel can be opened with stenting. The stent is considered to be a wire mesh to hold open the blood vessel or the artery to avoid plaque build-up and blocking it.
Similar to stenting is angioplasty, which uses a small balloon for holding open the blood vessel or artery. Scar tissue is removed by Brachytherapy and hardened plaque by coronary atherectomy.
Treatment combination can be utilized, depending upon health circumstances and the desired outcome.
- Lifestyle issues: Heart health can be improved and the risk of issues can be reduced by making a few lifestyle changes. This can include consuming a better diet, quitting unhealthy habits and to exercise regularly. Those having high cholesterol or high blood pressure should take medications to lower down both as well as to reduce the risk of heart-related issues.
- Surgical options: Surgical remedies might be necessary in advanced cases. Heart surgery does come with several types of risks. Hence, it is considered to be the last available option, reserved only for life-threatening and serious cases. The bypass is the common surgery used for treating cardiac problems. in this form of surgical procedure, there is created a craft around the blocked arteries. It helps to divert flow of blood. Also can be replaced or repaired individual valves and vessels in surgery that would be appropriate for the damaged or blocked valves or vessels.
Also can be implanted devices to promote the heart’s proper functioning. LVAD or left ventricular assist device does help the circulation of blood if the heart becomes weakened. Electrical currents within the heart can be controlled by a pacemaker.
The cardiac emergency is definitely life-threatening and it will extremely important to know the symptoms, so as to provide the most appropriate treatment on time and to increase chances of survival. As the heart suffers oxygenated blood loss, the result can be myocardial infarction, known commonly as a heart attack. Sooner the signs are recognized and taken medical advice of the Best Cardiac Surgeons in Bangalore, the much more likely can lives be saved.
Some common symptoms to know
- Upper body discomfort which includes both or single arms, stomach, jaw, neck or back.
- Chest discomfort
- Light-headedness or nausea
- Shortness of breath
- Pale/ashen skin around the face region or cold sweat.
Pressure or persistent chest discomfort is considered to be the major signal of facing a heart attack. Most heart attacks tend to start slowly to cause mild discomfort or pain, which becomes constant and then gets spread to the other body parts like the jaw or shoulder. Severe chest pain which lasts longer over 3-5 minutes and then goes away only to return back or continues even when taking rest should be brought to the immediate notice of the doctor to get prompt medical assistance.
Cardiac arrest signs
- No pulse
- No breathing
How to respond to cardiac arrest?
In case the victim falls unconscious and does not have any pulse reading, then CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is to be given. CPR is termed to be a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths. It will be necessary for someone having CPR experience to give proper remedy to the victim immediately and without any delay, which can save a life after which, the patient is to be taken to the doctor.